Mandatory bargaining topics Although the parties are not obligated to negotiate all possible matters, they must negotiate in good faith mandatory bargaining matters, including wages, working time, and other « terms and conditions of employment » (29 U.S.C.A. § 158[d]). Because these mandatory issues are so varied, the courts have tried over the years to set standards to determine whether a particular subject of negotiation is mandatory. Generally speaking, terms and conditions of employment cover only matters that « govern an aspect of the relationship between employer and workers » (Allied Chemical &Alkali Workers of America v. Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., 404 U.P. 157, 92 pp. Ct. 383, 30 L. Ed. 2d 341 ).
Nevertheless, a party`s insistence on a fixed term of the contract is not necessarily an unfair labour practice. The NLRB and the courts that re-enforce and enforce their injunctions are not prepared to replace their judgment with that of the parties and will not judge the content of collective agreements (NLRB v. American National Insurance Co., 343 U.p. 395, 72 pp. Ct. 824, 96 L. Ed. 1027 ). Moreover, the use of « economic weapons » such as pressure tactics, pickets and strikes to impose bargaining concessions is not necessarily bad faith bargaining (NLRB v.
Insurance Agents` International Union, 361 U.p. 477, 80 pp. Ct. 419, 4 L. Ed. 2d 454 ). contains a provision (whatever its wording) that states that the parties intend to make them legally enforceable In Sweden, around 90% of all employees are covered by collective agreements, compared to 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden has no legislation on minimum wages or laws to extend collective agreements to disorganized employers. Unorganized employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many are not.
The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to companies and workers covered by collective agreements.  At NJORD Law Firm, we have extensive experience in providing legal advice in relation to collective agreements. We help you do this by creating an overview of your employees` conditions. Our lawyers advise both on rights arising from a collective agreement and on rights that arise elsewhere. Obligation to negotiate in good faith During the negotiation process, the parties are not required by law to reach an agreement. . . .